Celestron RASA 8 F/2 Review

By Angus Burns

Celestron have created a range of Rowe-Ackerman Schmidt Astrographs – the 14”, 11” and the 8” (the focus of this review).  The RASA 8 is the most affordable in the range and arguably the most portable too.  Unlike the RASA 14 and RASA 11, Celestron states that the RASA 8 is not designed for use with a DSLR but rather a dedicated astrophotography camera or suitably compact mirrorless camera.  I don’t own a mirrorless camera, so this review was limited to my experience with a dedicated astrophotography camera (in my case, a ZWO294mc Pro).

Note: The RASA 8 is not an instrument for observational astronomy – it was developed by Celestron as an astrograph that enables one to rapidly capture data using short exposure times.  At F/2 this is a very fast scope, and it was my first time working with such an instrument.

I have wanted a RASA for many years and was ecstatic to be given the opportunity to review one.  I have seen many amazing astro images produced from them and was excited to receive the RASA 8 from Celestron South Africa and unbox it for the first time. Did the RASA 8 live up to my expectations?  Is it worth acquiring one for astrophotography?  In short, I found it easy to use, superbly designed and a joy for astrophotography purposes.  Read more to find out why…

The Celestron RASA 8 is a fast F/2.0 system that is ideal for use with colour CMOS cameras, smaller CCD cameras and suitably compact mirrorless cameras.  It weighs only 7.7 Kgs making it highly portable when you need to get to dark skies

RASA 8 Technical Specs

According to Celestrons website: “The 8” RASA is an imaging telescope that delivers a flat field without optical aberrations for razor sharp stars across a wide field of view. It can capture stunning deep-sky astronomical images without the challenges typically presented by longer focal length instruments at a fraction of the cost of those systems”

In summary here are some of the technical specs:

  • Scope Design: Rowe-Ackerman Schmidt Astrograph
  • Aperture: 8” (203mm)
  • Focal Length: 400mm
  • F-Ratio: F/2
  • Central Obstruction Diameter: 93mm (46% of aperture diameter)
  • Image Circle: 22mm
  • Useable Field: 32mm
  • Focuser: Ultra-Stable Focusing System
  • Optical Tube Weight: 7.7kgs
  • Other Features: Air cooling system, integrated filter mount
  • Dovetail:  CGE Dovetail
  • Included Accessories: M42 Camera adapter / C-thread adapter / Fan battery pack


The unboxing process was straightforward with everything well-padded and packaged.  This is the usual standard with Celestron – many years of experience with shipping scopes to customers across the globe has resulted in logically (and safely) packaged instruments that are easy to unpack and set up.

The box contains the following:

  • Rowe-Ackerman Schmidt Astrograph (8”) with CGE Dovetail attached
  • M42 Camera adapter / C-thread adapter / Fan battery pack
  • Plastic Dust Caps
  • Relevant instruction manuals

Initial experience from set-up to first imaging session

I found the RASA 8 to be user friendly and well-engineered.  It was a simple process to attach my ZWO294mc Pro camera to the front of the scope and although at first it seemed strange to do this, once in place, it was an easy task to achieve pinpoint focus.  I used a Starizona RASA 8 filter holder so that I could change filters with ease in between imaging sessions.  A bonus is that the filter holder is designed to provide the exact back focus needed for the imaging camera making the entire set up process that much easier.

Once the scope was balanced on my mount, I switched the internal cooling fan on to ensure the internal temperature of the scope matched the external temperature.  I opted to use my Celestron Power Bank to run the fan as opposed to the supplied battery pack.  Within 30 mins I was ready to begin imaging.

Something I noticed is that the built-in fan on my ZWO cooled camera seemed to act as a type of dew prevention mechanism – given the size of the 8” aperture on the RASA 8, I expected it to dew up quickly given that I was imaging outdoors in Winter with a lot of moisture in the air and cool temperatures (varying between 4 degrees and -1).  I was pleasantly surprised to see that no fogging-up of the scope occurred throughout the imaging sessions.  I can only attribute this to the fan in the camera repelling the air that would have possibly caused a problem on the 8” corrector plate.  I would however still recommend a dew shield for colder contexts. 

I positioned the cabling from my camera in a spiral from the centre of the RASA 8 to the edge of the aperture to try and reduce any diffraction spikes or flaring that they might cause with stars.  I didn’t notice much of an issue in my final images so I must have done the cable positioning correctly.

The field of view with my ZWO294mc Pro was wonderfully wide with well resolved stars to the edge of the field.

Achieving precise focus with the Ultra-Stable Focusing system was a breeze.  I wish Celestron would fit all their higher end scopes with similar focusing systems because it is by far the best I have used yet (and I own many Celestron telescopes).  Please note: you must ensure correct distancing of your astro camera to achieve correct back focus (in order for pinpoint stars) or you will find yourself struggling.

What is special about RASA optics?

Celestron state on their website that the RASA 8 provides a: “Flat field free of optical aberrations like field curvature, coma, astigmatism and chromatic aberration across an entire APS-C sensor”

They further state that the: “RASA’s optical design is patented (US 2016/0299331 A1). The design consists of a Schmidt corrector, primary mirror, lens group, and optical window. The lens group contains 4 elements and utilizes rare-earth elements. Unlike many telescopes that only perform well over the visible spectrum (400-700nm), the 8” RASA’s optics are designed to perform over a wider spectral range, from 400nm – 800nm. This allows more of the light emitted from the astronomical object to be sharply focused in the image.”

Celestron designed the RASA 8 as a super-fast imaging system that has: “a removeable optical window, so you can maintain peak optical performance if a filter is added or if a camera has its own optical window.”  In addition, the optical surfaces are coated with StarBright XLT coatings, and the primary mirror has enhanced aluminium coatings which when combined ensures maximized light transmission throughout the optical system.

How does the RASA 8 perform under night skies?

I purposefully limited my astro-imaging sessions to see what the RASA 8 could achieve in a shorter time period when compared to other telescopes.  As a result, the shortest session was 25mins and the longest was 3 hours.  I also limited the exposure time for each sub to 30 seconds.  One can of course vary this depending on the object being imaged but I decided to stay with 30 second exposures throughout my review process.

I used two filters with my ZWO294mc Pro camera (depending on the context of the session and object I was imaging) – A Baader Neodymium Moon and Skyglow Filter and a Optolong L-Extreme Dual Narrowband Filter.  As stated earlier, the Starizona RASA 8 Filter Holder made changing filters during imaging sessions very easy.  There are similar filter holders available from other manufacturers so it’s best to decide what your budget will allow.

I captured the following 10 images under varying atmospheric conditions and although I would have liked to image other objects, recent grassland fires around the town where I live (Newcastle South Africa) resulted in substantial haze at night that ultimately made me decide to end my review process after I had tested the RASA 8 on the objects featured here.

The Eta Carina nebula (NGC 3372) captured after 2 hours of imaging with the RASA 8 (240 x 30 second exposures) using a ZWO294mc pro and APT.  Processed in APP / Starnet++/ LR and CC2019 (1 hour with a Baader Neodymium filter and one hour with a Optolong L-Extreme filter).
The Trifid and Lagoon Nebulae (NGC 6514 & NGC 6523) captured after 55 minutes of imaging with the RASA 8 (110 x 30 second exposures) using a ZWO294mc pro and APT.  Processed in APP / Starnet++ / LR and CC2019 (with a Baader Neodymium filter).
The Fighting Dragons of Ara (NGC 6188) captured after 2 hours of imaging with the RASA 8 (240 x 30 second exposures) using a ZWO294mc pro and APT. Processed in APP / Starnet++ / LR and CC2019 (1 hour with a Baader Neodymium filter and one hour with a Optolong L-Extreme filter).
The Running Chicken Nebula (IC 2944) captured after 55 minutes of imaging with the RASA 8 (110 x 30 second exposures) using a ZWO294mc pro and APT.  Processed in APP / Starnet++/ LR and CC2019 (1 hour with a Optolong L-Extreme filter).

Left to right: The Southern Pinwheel (NGC 5236) and Omega Centauri Globular Cluster (NGC 5139) captured after 1 hour and 40 minutes of imaging with the RASA 8 (200 x 30 second exposures) and 25 mins of imaging (50 x 30 second exposures) respectively using a ZWO294mc pro and APT.  Processed in APP / Starnet++/ LR and CC2019 (both with a Baader Neodymium filter).

Left to right: Centaurus A (NGC 5128), Lobster Nebula (NGC 6357) and Cats Paw Nebula (NGC 6334) captured after 1 hour and 40 minutes of imaging with the RASA 8 (200 x 30 second exposures) and 1 hour of imaging (120 x 30 second exposures) respectively using a ZWO294mc pro and APT.  Processed in APP / Starnet++/ LR and CC2019 (Centaurus A with a Baader Neodymium filter and the Lobster/Cats Paw with a Optolong L-Extreme filter).

Left to right: A small section of the Rho Ophiuchi cloud complex (IC 4604) with Antares and two globular cluster visible and then a cropped image of the Dark Wolf Nebula (SL-17) captured after 30 mins of imaging with the RASA 8 (60 x 30 second exposures) and 3 hours of imaging (360 x 30 second exposures) respectively using a ZWO294mc pro and APT.  Processed in APP / Starnet++/ LR and CC2019 (Rho Ophiuchi with a Baader Neodymium filter and the Dark Wolf with a Optolong L-Extreme filter).

The Verdict for Astrophotography?

Being an astrograph designed purely for imaging, I found the RASA 8 to be a remarkable piece of technology developed for those who are serious about astrophotography.  It is highly portable, easy to set up and produces amazing images in a short time. 

As stated at the beginning of this review, I have always wanted to own a RASA and having been given the privilege of testing and reviewing one, I can say that it truly lived up to my expectations on every level.  My experience with it was sublime.  The RASA 8 astrograph enables incredible opportunities for imaging deep sky objects and produces wonderful results. Stars are well resolved, nebulae crisp and clear and details beautifully preserved because of superior optics and clever engineering. 

In Conclusion

In short I think I’m in love with the RASA 8!  It’s an astrograph you should consider acquiring if you are a serious astrophotographer – I have no doubt it will live up to your expectations.  Although I limited my imaging sessions to a max of 3 hours, I can only imagine the possibilities if many more hours are dedicated to really faint objects over many nights.  With the RASA 8 the possibilities truly are endless!

Thank you to Celestron SA for the opportunity to review this amazing astrograph.

Williams Optics Redcat 51 Petzval APO Review

The Redcat 51 first appeared on the global market in 2019 and as expected Williams Optics produced a high quality, well-engineered telescope.  GLAgencies in South Africa are now the local distributers for this (and other) quality Williams Optics products.   

I was privileged to review a Redcat 51 over the course of July/August 2021.  I have always been interested in this telescope because of its striking design and the many excellent reviews it has received from other Astro-photographers around the world.  So, what has all the fuss been about?  Is this little APO everything it is claimed to be? 

The answer is a resounding YES! Read more to find out why… 

RedCat 51 Technical Specs 

In summary the Redcat 51 is a highly portable apochromatic refractor with a flat field from edge to edge therefore removing the need for any field flatteners.  As an additional bonus, the scope is designed to accommodate a full frame sensor and doubles up as an excellent wildlife / portrait / landscape lens when used with a DSLR.  In summary, here are the basic specifications: 

  • Scope Design: Petzval Apochromatic Refractor (4 element prime lens) 
  • Diameter: 51mm 
  • Focal Length: 250mm 
  • F-Ratio: F/4.9 
  • Focuser: Calibrated Helical 
  • OTA Length:  Retracted – 210mm 
  • Mounting Style: Vixen/Arca-Swiss 
  • Weight: 1.45kgs 
  • Image Circle Size: 44mm 


The unboxing process was a delight – everything beautifully (and logically) laid out.  One can tell that a lot of effort was applied to the design of the Redcat 51 and the packaging was made to compliment the quality one expects from Williams Optics telescopes. 

I particularly liked the quirky cat design on the soft carrying case and the accompanying stickers added a nice touch too. 

The first impression when you lift the scope out of its case is its tiny size.  This truly is a portable and versatile telescope. Made of a strong aluminium alloy that is anodized a striking red colour, the Redcat 51 has an accompanying dew shield (which inverts to protect the lens when the scope is not in use and for ease of transport).  

The box contains the following: 

  • Williams Optics 51mm Petzval APO Refractor Telescope (Redcat 51) 
  • Focuser with focusing index 
  • Aluminium dust caps (front and rear) 
  • Bahtinov mask 
  • CAT series mounting ring and Plate 
  • Field Rotator 
  • Soft Carrying Case 

Great design features 

The Redcat 51 telescope has a 48mm thread at the rear making it compatible with a wide range of DSLR cameras.  Note: the M48mm T-Ring (to attach a DSLR to the scope) is sold separately. A wide range of other Williams Optics accessories are also available via GLAgencies and select suppliers in South Africa.  Likewise, a diagonal (and relevant eyepiece) can be acquired locally and attached for superb observational astronomy / wildlife spotting. 

The built-in field rotator with clearly marked degree graduations is a fantastic design inclusion for accurately framing celestial objects without affecting your focus and the filter slot just after the rotator accepts 48mm filters. 

Focusing the Redcat 51 is simple with the helical focuser – the tension ring allows you to lock the focus or adjust the tension/drag to meet whatever your requirements might be.  The focusing index is also a great practical addition to the design.   

Attaching a CMOS camera and achieving correct back focus for my ZWO294MC Pro was easy.  Likewise attaching a DSLR camera was just as straightforward. 

The cleverly designed ring mount has a flat section on top with well positioned holes for attaching a finderscope, guide-scope or another relevant accessory. 

The included Bahtinov mask is a useful addition when aiming for pinpoint focusing accuracy with astrophotography – in this regard a really nice touch to the threaded telescope cap is that the illustration of the Redcat “cats whiskers” on the front of the cap illustrates the diffraction spike pattern you should strive for with the Bahtinov mask to achieve perfect focus. 

What about the optics? 

The telescope is fitted with Ohara FPL53 and FPL51 synthetic fluorite glass optics that produce high contrast, superbly sharp results in both photographic and visual observational contexts.  Additionally, being an apochromatic refractor means almost zero chromatic aberration which make this scope ideal for high quality astrophotography endeavors. 

The Petzval design which consists of 4 elements in 3 groups renders a full frame flat field with an accompanying image circle of 44mm accommodating full frame sensors and smaller. 

How does the scope perform under night skies? 

Setting everything up for the Redcat to operate was quick and within minutes the camera was attached and everything correctly balanced.  I opted to primarily use my ZWO 294mc Pro to do a few test runs on various celestial objects but also attached my Canon 60Da DSLR for a quick moon shot. 

From an Astrophotography perspective the Redcat 51 is a fast-little telescope and provides for wide field images of expansive nebulae. I did a series of imaging sessions under less than ideal seeing conditions (Bortle 7/8 skies) but wanted to see how the scope would perform with an Optolong-L-extreme filter inserted and my ZWO camera attached.  

I targeted a few well known and some lesser-known Nebulae and also created a composite moon shot with the DSLR for this review.  Here are the results… 

Cropped image of the Fighting Dragons of Ara (NGC 6188) – 5 hours total integration captured with a ZWO ASI294mc Pro camera through the Redcat 51 (calibrated and stacked in APP and finalized in Light Room/CC2019/Astropanel) 

The Cats Paw (NGC 6334) and Lobster Nebula (NGC 6357) – 2.5 hours total integration captured with a ZWO ASI294mc Pro camera through the Redcat 51 (calibrated and stacked in APP and finalized in Light Room/CC2019/Astropanel) 

First Quarter “Mineral Moon” Composite image – single shot with a Canon 60da through the Redcat 51 and then cropped/combined with a starfield to produce a composite image (Note: the Optolong L-Extreme filter was removed for this capture). 

Wide field image of the Eta Carina nebula (NGC 3372) and Gabriela Mistral Nebula (NGC 3324) – 2 hours total integration captured with a ZWO ASI294mc Pro camera through the Redcat 51 (calibrated and stacked in APP and finalized in Light Room/CC2019/Astropanel) 

Lagoon Nebula (NGC 6523) and Trifid Nebula (NGC 6514) – 2 hours total integration captured with a ZWO ASI294mc Pro camera through the Redcat 51 (calibrated and stacked in APP and finalized in Light Room/CC2019/Astropanel) 

Running Chicken Nebula (IC 2944) – 2 hours total integration captured with a ZWO ASI294mc Pro camera through the Redcat 51 (calibrated and stacked in APP and finalized in Light Room/CC2019/Astropanel). 

The Verdict for Astrophotography? 

A truly superb astrophotography telescope that produces pinpoint, aberration free stars and captures faint Nebulae with ease.  Note that I captured these objects under extremely challenging conditions – Bortle 7/8 skies caused by grassland fires which resulted in moisture laden, fine haze.  In addition, several of the images were captured through bright moon light to add to the difficulty.  Despite this, the scope performed beautifully and combined with the L-Extreme filter to cut through a lot of the light pollution, I was able to produce pleasing images. 

Focusing was easy, the field of view impressive and optics mind blowing. I cannot wait to use this impressive telescope under dark skies. 

What about daytime photography? 

The Redcat 51 is promoted as also being a great wildlife lens and spotting scope.  I attached my Canon 5d Mark IV DSLR to it with a M48mm adapter and chose a few subjects to photograph.  I used a tripod for stability and obviously manually focused the lens using the helical focuser.  It was easy to capture great shots of birds, insects and flowers.  Here are a few examples… 

There was no discernable chromatic aberration or image distortion.  There was also no vignetting of the image proving that the Redcat 51 is built to accommodate full frame sensors.   

I also wanted to test how the bokeh looked by comparison to other high-end photographic lenses.  I chose a well illuminated flower with a sparkly background and include the shot below clearly showing the pleasing, creamy background bokeh produced by the amazing optics at F/4.9 

I think this lens will have even wider application as a prime lens for portrait and landscape photography.  In summary The Redcat 51 is basically a high-end photographic lens at a very affordable price. 

I love the bokeh in this image – The Redcat 51 is clearly an extremely versatile lens 

The Verdict for daytime photography? 

The Redcat 51 is a very welcome addition to any photographer’s lens collection.  I was impressed with the clarity of images produced by it as well as the zero distortion and chromatic aberration free photos.  Focusing was easy and results impressive.  I read that with an extension tube, the lens can be converted to a Macro lens.  I shall have to test this on another occasion but have no doubt it will produce excellent results. 

In Conclusion 

This is a “must have” telescope.  It is incredibly versatile, well priced, and wonderfully engineered/constructed.  I love the look of it, the results speak for themselves, and the field of view is impressive.  It can accommodate a wide range of cameras, is brilliant for observational astronomy, daytime general photography and is very portable.  It also makes a great spotting scope. 

An additional bonus is that GLAgencies have imported a wide range of Williams Optics telescopes and Accessories.  The complete list of what is available in South Africa is at the end of this review. 

I was so impressed by the Redcat 51 that I decided to purchase one for myself so if that is anything to go by, it should convince you of just how amazing this little powerhouse APO is! 

In closing, my advice is as follows: 




Gran Turismo 81  

Zenithstar 81 Blue 

Zenithstar 73 III Gold 

Zenithstar 61 Gold 

Zenithstar 61 Red 

Zenithstar 61 Space Grey 

Redcat 51 


Uniguide 50mm guidescope Red  

Uniguide 50mm guidescope Gold 

Uniguide 32mm guidescope Red 

Uniguide 32mm guidescope Gold 

Uniguide 32mm guidescope Space Grey 


Adjustable Reducer for Zenithstar 73 

Adjustable Reducer for Zenithstar 61 

Adjustable Flat 73 for Zenithstar 73 

Adjustable Flat 61 for Zenithstar 61 

Diagonals/erecting prisms 

1.25” Redcat erecting prism silver 

1.25” Dura Bright Diagonal 

48mm T mounts / Mirrorless Camera T Mounts 

48mm T mount for Canon in Black 

48mm T mount for Nikon in Black 

48mm T mount for Fuji in Black 

48mm T mount for Sony in Black 

T Mount for Canon Mirrorless Cameras (EOS R/ RA) 

T Mount for Nikon Mirrorless Cameras (Nikon Z) 

Coal Mining and Strategic Water Source Areas

Note: these blogs appeared for the first time as columns in the Newcastle Advertiser (Caxton)

Acid mine drainage destroying a once beautiful river

“Then the coal company came with the world’s largest shovel and they tortured the timber and stripped all the land.  Well, they dug for the coal till the land was forsaken then they wrote it all down as the progress of man.”  John Prine wrote these poignant lyrics in 1971 whilst lamenting the devastating impact coal mining was having in Kentucky. 

Coal mining is arguably the dirtiest form of mining leaving significant environmental and social legacy impacts in its path.  It’s no surprise that Prine was horrified by the destruction it caused.  How is this relevant to us in South Africa?  Some of our most important biodiversity-rich areas are located within what are called Strategic Water Source Areas (SWSA’s) – the 10% of South Africa’s surface area that provides 50% of the water critical for our survival.  Given the reality of climate change, it is predicted that increased strain will be put on SWSA’s to provide water in the future. 

Increasingly coal mining companies (particularly the smaller mining houses) seek to extract coal deposits wherever they may be found.  The long term impacts from mining in SWSA’s are massive and include acid mine drainage into river systems killing the life therein and rendering the water unsafe for use.  Technologies exist to treat some impacts but are not economically sustainable.  Additionally, given that the acceleration of climate change is driven primarily by our addiction to fossil fuel use (such as the use of coal for electricity production), extracting more of these destructive minerals is a really bad idea.

Perhaps it is time regulatory decisions were made in the interests of everyone and prevented coal mining in our SWSA’s?  After all, you can’t survive without water and you can’t drink coal…

*Angus Burns is a professional conservationist and works for WWF South Africa – he writes these blogs and columns in his personal capacity*

An abandoned coal mine and eroding channel through slag heaps

The Glorious Moon

Note: these blogs appeared for the first time as columns in the Newcastle Advertiser (Caxton)

Shakespeare likened Juliet’s beauty to the moon in the play Romeo and Juliet when he referred to “the envious moon,” in comparison to her.  The moon has been the focus of innumerable poems, songs, paintings, myths, legends and photographs for very good reason.  It is the most obvious celestial object besides our sun and because it has a massive influence over us (affecting our tides and much more), it is no wonder that it gets so much attention.

Observing the moon is easy with even a small pair of binoculars and / or a camera but it is with a telescope that its wonders are truly revealed.  Even a small telescope will allow you to see massive craters and mountains that were formed through impacts from meteors and geomorphological processes that happened millions of years ago and in the case of impacts, are still happening today.

The dark patches on the moon resemble seas from afar hence the Latin name for them: “Mare” meaning “sea” and giving rise to names such as, “the Sea of Crisis – Mare Crisium,” or “the Sea of Tranquillity – Mare Tranquillitatus,” wherein the first humans landed in 1969. 

The moon is approximately 378 881kms from Earth and orbits it every 27 days.  It does not emit but reflects sunlight.

The next time we have clear skies and the moon is visible have a good look at her – is it a rabbit or a man on the moon?

*Angus Burns uses primarily Celestron products as well as Sky-Watcher and Canon Cameras*

Close up of the moons surface taken with Iphone X through celestron Mak 90 telescope
Color version of the moon taken from Newcastle with Canon 60Da through Celestron mak90 goto scope
The moon taken from Newcastle KZN using a Canon 5D mark IV through a celestron SE8 telescope

Environment matters: our precious rivers

Note: these blogs appeared for the first time as columns in the Newcastle Advertiser (Caxton)

I was walking by the river one day and witnessed a truly sad scene, fish were floating everywhere and the water was bright green.  A smell like hell filled the air, everywhere was death and for a moment I thought to myself, this must be a nightmare…

Sadly this isn’t a bad dream and is in fact the fate of many rivers in South Africa.  The state of our rivers has been the focus of many articles and social media campaigns but the pollution persists and rivers that originate as clean streams in mountainous areas become cesspools when they enter most towns.

So why does this matter?  The answer is that our environment provides us with many free services that we take for granted.  From the air we breathe to the plants that rely on insect pollinators (to eventually provide us with food), and of course our water supply that originates in mountain streams before being piped to us after being further purified.  If we do not take responsibility for our destructive actions, we will perish as a species too.  It is everyone’s duty to keep our environment clean because besides being the right thing to do, it is also in our best interests as a species.

The famous Chief Seattle put it eloquently: “Humankind has not woven the web of life.  We are but one thread within it.  Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves.  All things are bound together.  All things connect.” 

What actions can you take?  Here are a few simple ideas to implement or inform others about…

  1. Don’t litter – anywhere!  (it eventually washes into storm water drains and ends up in the river further polluting it)
  2. Dispose of industrial oils and other waste via a proper landfill site and do not pour this form of waste into drains (which is also illegal to do)
  3. Spread awareness to friends, colleagues and authorities about illegal dumping and try to capture evidence of when it happens
  4. Report sewerage leaks whenever you see them – there is currently no guarantee that Municipalities will attend to your report but at least an official record is kept of the problem and hopefully it is addressed with enough people reporting the same problem
  5. Consider establishing an environmental action group to address the issues locally in your neighbourhood – strength in numbers does make a difference.

*Angus Burns is a professional conservationist and works for WWF South Africa. These blogs are done in his personal capacity*

Rivers are often clean at their source but end up as cesspools after they enter urban areas

Exploring the Universe with Angus Burns

Note: these blogs appeared for the first time as columns in the Newcastle Advertiser (Caxton)

“If people sat outside and looked at the stars each night, I bet they’d live a lot differently.  When you look into infinity, you realize there are more important things than what people do all day” (Calvin and Hobbes).  Profoundly true – the universe is humbling and gives us a sense of perspective… 

It was this sense of wonder that inspired me as a 9 year old to start exploring the universe with a pair of binoculars and later a telescope.  I will never forget seeing my first planet, gasping at the craters on the moon or watching my first meteor shower with the naked eye.  Anyone can start studying and observing the universe and with today’s technology it is far easier than most people realize.  An interest in astronomy is a journey that will take you to other worlds and hopefully inspire you to gain further knowledge about the origin of life and our place in the universe.

You only need your eyesight to begin with and from there, if your interest is sparked, invest in a portable telescope or pair of binoculars to take your journey further.  Always remember the best instrument to buy for a beginner is the one that is used often hence the need for portability

Over the coming months I hope to take you on a journey into the observable universe and hopefully inspire you to sit outside and look upwards at the stars a little more often.

*Angus Burns uses primarily Celestron products as well as Sky-Watcher and Canon Cameras*

Eta Carina nebula photographed from Newcastle South Africa through a Skywatcher 80ed Pro telescope